At the National Intrepid Center of Excellence (NICoE) at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, service members work with a team of providers to develop treatment plans for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and psychological health conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
On August 30, Science Café attendees will hear from Melissa Walker, a credentialed art therapist who works with service members to artistically help and process their feelings, experiences, and identities. Walker will also discuss the program structure at NICoE, and offer examples of therapeutic outcomes through service member artwork and anecdotes. Research outcomes will also be presented on the thematic analysis the NICoE and Drexel University recently conducted on almost 400 of the masks.
A selection of masks from this unique program will be on display at the National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM) from August 12 to September 23. They were created in art therapy sessions by military service members at NICoE, as a conduit to artistically externalize and then process their feelings, experiences, and identities with the psychotherapeutic guidance of credentialed art therapists. The masks are grouped into three themes: the split sense of self/duality, patriotism, and the injury with reference to psychological and physical pain.
“The art therapists at the NICoE have meaningful interactions with the service members each and every day,” Walker said. “One of my long-term patients has been using art therapy to work through difficult memories for over two years now. Initially, he was able to express an image that haunted him for seven years in a mask and afterwards his flashbacks of that particular image ceased. He has continued to paint whenever something is bothering him, and each time he verbalizes that the process helps him work through the content and take control of it.”
The most rewarding part of the experience, she added, is the positive change that occurs in the service members during the four-week program.
“We see their affects change, as well as their ability to be open with their providers, families, and each other,” she said. “During art therapy, they are able to express invisible wounds through their artwork, and I believe this validates their experiences and helps others to better understand what they are going through. The art therapy gives service members who perhaps don't have the words, a visual voice.”